This Day in History: China Signs the UN Charter

By Anna Priymak, June 25, 2022

0 0

On June 26, 1945, leader of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek became the first of 50 national representatives to sign the UN charter at a UN Conference on International Organization in San Francisco.

After the horrendous events of WWII, a decision was made by 51 countries* to establish an organization committed to maintaining international peace and security and improving living standards and human rights: the United Nations.

China was among those who were part of the agreement, and is now part of the 'Big Five,' having a permanent seat on the UN Security Council – along with the UK, France, Russia and the US.

The charter was made with the help of China, and they were granted the honor of being the first to sign it due to the recognition of their long-standing fight against aggression.

The charter went into effect on October 24, 1945, and United Nations was officially established.

But it doesn’t end there; when it comes to China’s status in the UN, there were some bumps along the way.

After the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War, and the establishment of the People's Republic of China in October 1949, Chiang Kai-shek's Republic of China regime – which had retreated to the island of Taiwan – took over the seat of China due to the decision made by the US to block the membership of the People's Republic of China.

However, 22 years later on October 25, 1971, Albania's motion to recognize the People's Republic of China as the sole legal China was passed as General Assembly Resolution 2758.

On November 15, 1971, Beijing’s representatives took their seats in the General Assembly; a week later, China restored its status as a permanent member in the Security Council (AKA that 'Big Five' mentioned above).

The Republic of China, on the other hand, entered a new uncertain state of existence – in which it remains today.

*Poland was not represented at the Conference, but signed the charter later and became one of the UN's original 51 Member States.


For more This Day in History stories, click here.

[Cover image via Wiki]

more news

This Day in History: Weibo Launched in China

Weibo’s start came at a turbulent time as both Twitter and Fanfou were temporarily blocked in June 2009.

This Day in History: Bloody Saturday, Shanghai's Darkest Day

New York Times bestselling author's new book on the 1937 Japanese bombing of the city.

This Day in History: The 2008 Beijing Olympics Opening Ceremony

A look back at the first ever Olympics to be hosted in China.

This Day in History: Founding of the Communist Party of China

The Communist Party of China turns 100 this month, founded in Shanghai in July 1921.

Travel Code History Reduced from 14 to 7 Days

China's travel code has undergone its second change in a little a over a week.

This Day in History: China-India Nathu La Pass Reopens for Trade

The historic Nathu La Pass in the Himalayan mountains reopened for trade after 44 years.

This Day in History: Seoul Falls to North Korea

The conflict between South Korea (ROK) and North Korea (DPRK) has lasted for over 70 years.

This Day in History: Artist Chiang Yee Honored with Blue Plaque

Only the third blue plaque honoring a Chinese person.

0 User Comments

In Case You Missed It…

We're on WeChat!

Scan our QR Code at right or follow us at ThatsSuzhou for events, guides, giveaways and much more!

7 Days in Suzhou With thatsmags.com

Weekly updates to your email inbox every Wednesday

Subscribe

Download previous issues

Never miss an issue of That's Suzhou!

Visit the archives