This Day in History: Founding of the Communist Party of China

By Ned Kelly, July 23, 2022

4 0

Founded in Shanghai in July 1921, the Communist Party of China turns 101 this month. The First National Congress took place on July 23, but, for simplicity’s sake, July 1 has become the anniversary on which the CPC is celebrated.

The venue was a typical Shanghai shikumen-style residence at 76-78 Xingye Lu, in what is now Xintiandi. You’ll find the Museum of the First National Congress of the CPC there today.

Thirteen delegates representing 53 members secretly convened in one of the sitting rooms on the ground floor. CPC cofounders Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao were there, while Mao Zedong represented Hunan.

Meanwhile, Dutch-born Communist Henk Sneevliet was the Russian Comintern representative.

READ MORE: This Day in History: The Foreign Founder Member of the CPC

Today, the CPC is the world’s second largest political party, with a membership exceeding 95 million. The largest is India's Bharatiya Janata Party, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, with more than 180 million members.

For more, This Day in History stories, click here.

See a listing for Museum of the First National Congress of the CPC.

[Image via Chinese Posters]

more news

Test & Vaccine History No Longer Required for Overseas Arrivals

The new rules come into effect on August 31.

This Day in History: Weibo Launched in China

Weibo’s start came at a turbulent time as both Twitter and Fanfou were temporarily blocked in June 2009.

This Day in History: Bloody Saturday, Shanghai's Darkest Day

New York Times bestselling author's new book on the 1937 Japanese bombing of the city.

This Day in History: The 2008 Beijing Olympics Opening Ceremony

A look back at the first ever Olympics to be hosted in China.

Travel Code History Reduced from 14 to 7 Days

China's travel code has undergone its second change in a little a over a week.

0 User Comments

In Case You Missed It…

We're on WeChat!

Scan our QR Code at right or follow us at Thats_Shanghai for events, guides, giveaways and much more!

7 Days in Shanghai With

Weekly updates to your email inbox every Wednesday


Download previous issues

Never miss an issue of That's Shanghai!

Visit the archives