Why Fewer Students Are Taking the Gaokao in Shanghai

By Urban Family, June 16, 2018

0 0

201711/originally-uf.jpgThis article originally appeared on our sister website, Urban Family Shanghai.


Last week, students across the country took the gaokao, China’s annual college entrance examination. Over the years, millions of students across the country have faced this significant test, which potentially determines the path they will take in future. In Shanghai, approximately 50,000 attendants undertook the examinations. Nonetheless, this number is only half what it was 10 years ago.

Why Less Students Are Taking the Gaokao in Shanghai

Why Less Students Are Taking the Gaokao in Shanghai
Students headed to 99 test sites across the city to attend the exam on which their future depends. Image via Kankanews

According to The Paper, 113,800 students took the gaokao back in 2006. This figure has decreased over the years, hitting its lowest point of 46,500 in 2013. Then it increased to 52,000 in 2014 and has been consistently hovering around 50,000 for the last couple of years.

Gaokao attendance
Data via shanghai.gov

One of the reasons for the decline is the low fertility rate in China. Ever since the one-child policy took effect in 1978, the number of newborns has dwindled from 131,200 in 1990 to 83,400 of 2003, as is reported by The Paper. The birth rate didn’t bounce back until the millennium. Thankfully, as the controversial policy was replaced by the two-child policy in 2015 and may even be lifted this year, the fertility issue might not be a concern in the future.

Another reason is the rise in the number of students opting for overseas education. According to statistics from Sohu, the record for the number of students who choose to study abroad is broken every year. Last year, the figure reached 608,400, with students from Shanghai, Beijing and Guangzhou topping the list.

Gaokao
Image via Pexels

The issue of decreasing gaokao attendants is not exclusive to Shanghai; it has become a nationwide problem. Every year, there are universities and colleges in China that receive zero applications due to the lack of gaokao attendants.

[Top image via The Paper]


This article was originally published by our sister magazine Urban Family Shanghai. For more articles like this, visit the Urban Family website, or follow the Urban Family WeChat account (ID: urbanfamilyshanghai).

more news

Guangdong Province Cracks Down on 'Gaokao Migrants'

As gaokao season approaches, families call for help to protect their children from competition.

Top University in Shanghai Goes Lenient on Sexual Harassment

Two sexual harassment perpetrators only received the minimum penalty from the university.

China's Making it Easier for International Students to Get Jobs

Soon it will be much easier for international students to get a job or internship in China.

7 Years Later, Yao Ming Finally Graduates from College

China's retired NBA superstar finally acquires his bachelor's degree from Shanghai Jiaotong University seven years after enrolling.

Student Documentary About University Dorms Sparks Heated Debate Online

A foreign student’s short film comparing living conditions of foreign and local students in Chinese universities goes viral.

30 Absolutely Insane Questions from China's Gaokao

Do you have what it takes to answer these incredibly difficult questions from China's National College Entrance Examination?

QUIZ: Could You Pass the Gaokao?

Find out if you can pass China's notoriously difficult college entrance exam.

Explainer: Everything You Need to Know About the Gaokao

China's annual high-stakes, high-pressure college entrance exam, explained.

0 User Comments

In Case You Missed It…

We're on WeChat!

Scan our QR Code at right or follow us at Thats_Shanghai for events, guides, giveaways and much more!

7 Days in Shanghai With thatsmags.com

Weekly updates to your email inbox every Wednesday

Subscribe

Download previous issues

Never miss an issue of That's Shanghai!

Visit the archives

Get the App. Your essential China city companion.