This Day in History: Palace of Sino-Soviet Friendship Completed

By Ned Kelly, March 5, 2021

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Referred to as ‘the wedding cake’ by many a resident foreigner, the Shanghai Exhibition Center is the ornate monolith of Soviet splendor steadfastly sprawling across an entire city block between the Yan’an Lu elevated highway and Nanjing Xi Lu. 

A classic example of Stalinist architecture, construction was completed on March 5, 1955 with the assistance of the Soviet Union. It followed on from the Sino-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Alliance, that was ratified in 1945, but only made public in 1950 following Liberation the previous year.

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Image via @andersonandlow/Instagram

The building stands on what was once the property of prosperous Jewish property tycoon Silas Aaron Hardoon (1851-1931), the man who funded the building of ‘Shanghai's Fifth Avenue,' the original Nanking Road; a shrewd bit of business that eventually made him one of the city's wealthiest inhabitants

Originally named the ‘Palace of Sino-Soviet Friendship,’ the building was intended to showcase Chinese advances in agriculture and industrial technology during the ‘Bamboo Curtain’ era. But once the honeymoon period between the People’s Republic of China and the Soviet Union was over, and relations began to sour, the building was renamed.

The building was called the Shanghai Pavilion during the Cultural Revolution, before being given its present name during the period of Reform and Opening-Up.

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Image via @no.800/Instagram

And there it still stands, remaining in use as an exhibition space, one of the most iconic buildings in the city, in all its unsubtle, ostentatious and monumental glory. With its bold Bolshevik strokes and its gilded spire topped with the Soviet star, it stands testament to the ties between the two countries, their shared history and the influence the Soviet Union once enjoyed here.


For more This Day in History stories, click here.

[Cover image via Wikimedia]

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