Giant fires, singing, sacrifices and of course, lots of food, Chinese New Year (CNY) has many different forms of celebration. To learn more about the unique ways the Lunar Festival is celebrated throughout the country, That’s reached out to a number friends to share their stories, customs and traditions.
Read on for inspiration as to how you can bring in the New Year like a true local.
Image via Cheng-Tsui
Liao Yulin is from Congjiang, a small county nestled in the mountains of Guizhou. She is of the Dong minority and they follow customs dating back thousands of years.
How do the Dong people celebrate the Lunar Festival in Congjiang?
The Chinese New Year for minorities in small towns and villages is very different to those in big cities. During the Spring Festival, all the people in every family wear traditional Dong clothing. Young boys and girls will go to the Drum Tower to sing love songs. If a girl likes a song a boy sings, they will meet each other's families and get married.
What about food?
There are many other customs; most houses will sacrifice a pig and then eat it. Friends and family will go to each other’s houses to eat, drink and sing Dong songs. If you come to my house on the first day then it is expected that we go to your house on the second day.
Image via Wikimedia
Yan Ting is from Pubei City in north China’s Shanxi province, this year will be the first time she’s been home for CNY in three years.
What famous traditions are there in Shanxi?
In Shanxi, one of the most famous traditions is to go to the city of Datong and watch the Prosperous Fire. We have also have ice sculptures!
What is the Prosperous Fire?
Families will use large pieces of coal at the base of a tower to make a big fire. Everyone stays up until midnight and then we will light some firecrackers. The Prosperous Fire is something lots of families and places do, but the one in Datong is the biggest and grandest.
Image via Tung-Lau良笙 on Weibo
He Chun Rao was born in Guangzhou but her mother is from Hainan and her father is from Sichuan. Sometimes, she will go back to Wenchang on the island of Hainan to celebrate the New Year.
When you’re in Wenchang for the New Year, what will you do?
We will eat poached chicken on New Year's Eve, it’s a Wenchang delicacy. We also eat red rice cakes and on New Year’s Day, we will eat eggs where the shell has been dyed red.
My family and I will stay up until midnight and watch the fireworks. On the morning of the first day of the New Year, we will worship our ancestors. We will fill small bowls with food and drinks and burn fake money for them, so they can use them in the afterlife.
Why red eggs?
They say eating red eggs brings prosperity and good fortune. Also, on New Year’s Eve we will leave all the lights on in the house to ensure the coming year will be a smooth one.
Image via Ray Yu on Flickr
Peng Hongyu is from Chengdu, Sichuan. This year because of COVID-19 she is reluctant to travel and has decided to stay in Guangzhou.
What is something special about the Spring Festival in Sichuan?
The Autumn Bacon is pretty unique. Every year we will take a lump of pork, put it in a jar and let it pickle for a few days. After we take it out, it will be smoked and then hung outside to dry for a couple of days.
Any other food traditions?
One of the most important things to do is to sacrifice a chicken and then eat it. The Chinese word for chicken shares a phonetic sound with words that mean luck and success. We also have lots of markets where we buy all kinds of different goods, from toys to flowers.
Image via 万州吧 on Weibo
Zheng Ruilin lives in Guangzhou, Guangdong. Zheng almost always celebrates Spring Festival in the provincial capital with close relatives. He explained some of the different things Cantonese people do during the holiday.
How do you prepare for Chinese New Year?
Before the Chinese New Year, we like to buy some snacks and cakes. In Guangdong, people like to buy jian dui (sesame seed balls), you jiao (a type of fried dumpling) and nian gao (rice cakes). These snacks and cakes have connotations with wealth and good luck.
What do you do during Chinese New Year?
Guangdong people say, “If you haven't been to a flower market, then you haven't celebrated the Chinese New Year.” We buy all kinds of flowers and decorations and people believe that they will have good luck after they visit the flower market.”
Image via Saskia Bosch van Rosenthal on Flickr
What’s your Spring Festival family meal?
In Guangdong, poon choi is an indispensable dish for reunion dinners. Chicken is also a common part of our New Year dinner, Catonese people say ‘no chicken, no feast.’
Image via 三亚理文索菲特度假酒店 on Weibo
This is just a number of the special ways CNY is celebrated across the country. If you know of any other ways that we didn’t cover, post them in the comments below!
The quotes in these interviews were edited for accuracy and brevity.
[Cover image via 500px]